Hebrew Alphabet Chart: Learn Each of the Hebrew Letters - B'nai Mitzvah Academy (2023)

Use the Hebrew alphabet chart below to help facilitate with your learning of the Hebrew letters as well as learning to read Hebrew. There are also more in-depth explanations of each Hebrew letter below. Hebrew letters sound like their English counterpart unless otherwise specified. Ex. Hebrew letter BET has a “b” sound like boy in English.There are five Hebrew letters that change their shape if they are the last letter in a word. These final letters have the same sound as their counterparts but look different.

If you would like to learn how to handwrite the Hebrew Aleph Bet in print or in Hebrew cursive, check out this post. And, if you are looking for a Hebrew vowels chart, use this page.

Click here for aprintable version of the Hebrew Alphabet Chart

Hebrew Alphabet Chart: Learn Each of the Hebrew Letters - B'nai Mitzvah Academy (1)

Learn the Letters in the Hebrew Alphabet


Alef: The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Alef is silent. Look to the vowel below, next to, or over and verbalize the vowel sound instead. We remember it as “X Marks the Spot” because the letter looks like an X when printed.


Bet: The second letter, Bet, makes a “b” sound like boy. We remember it as Bellybutton Bet because there is a dot or bellybutton in the center of this letter.


Vet: The letter Vet is the letter Bet’s twin, but it doesn’t have a dot in the middle of it. The bellybutton vanished and the letter is now vacant. Vet makes a “v” sound like violin.


Gimel: If you spin a dreidel on Hanukkah, you hope it lands on the letter Gimel. That’s because youGet All the Geltin the pile if it does.Gimelmakes a “g” sound like girl. The letter looks like it is casually standing with its leg out so we can also remember it by the phrase Gimme a Leg Gimel.


Dalet: The letterDaletmakes a “d” sound like dog. The top is long and straight and protrudes out slightly at the angle.Daletlooks exactly like a diving board which is why we refer to this letter asDiving Board Dalet.

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Hey: The letter Heymakes an “h” sound like happy. But, there is an exception. If there is aHeyat the end of the word and theHeyhas no vowel under it, then it is silent. We remember it because the letterHey Has a Holeon the left hand side between the bottom vertical line and the top horizontal line.


Vav: The Hebrew letter Vav has very straightlines which is why we named this letterVery Straight Vav. Vavmakes a “v” sound like violin.


Zayin: We refer to the letterZayinasZig ZagZayin because even though the top line is technically on a diagonal and not a zig zag, it’s not easy to come up with good alliteration for a letter starting with “z”. The letterZayinmakes a “z” sound like zebra.


Chet: The letter Chet looks like a square, but without the bottom line. Chet has a sound that combines two English letters to make a “ch” sound like Chanukah or challah. The “ch” is a sound you would make if you are clearing your throat and hocking a loogie.


Tet: The letterTet makes a “t” sound like television. We remember the letter as Tugboat Tet. It’s a bit of a stretch to say that this letter looks like a tugboat, but we keep it as is because for some reason, Tugboat Tet is catchy and seems to stick with people.


Yud: The letter Yud is a baby-sized letter – it’s half the size of the others. That is why we call itYoungYud.The letteralso looks identical to an apostrophe.Yudmakes a “y” sound like yo-yo.

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Kaf: The letterKaflooks like a backwards uppercase “C.”Kafhas a dot in the middle of the letter, so we rememberKaf’s dot as a cough drop caught inKaf’s throat.Kafmakes a “k” sound like kangaroo.


Chaf: The letter Chaf looks like the same backwards uppercase “C” shape asKafbut without the dot. Like Kaf, Chaf isn’t feeling well but it doesn’t have a cough drop so itis coughing up a lot of phlegm and mucus. In order forChafto clear the phlegm from its throat, it makes a “ch” sound to do so. This “ch” sound is the same exact sound as the letter ChanukkahChet.


Lamed: The letter Lamed looks like a lightning bolt, like the one on Harry Potter’s forehead. Lamed makes an “l” sound like lion.


Mem: The letter Memhas a small hump that is probably more a hill than a mountain, but we can still remember it as MountainMem. The letterMemmakes a “m” sound like mom.


Nun: If you spin the dreidel and it lands onthe Hebrew letter Nun, then you get nothing from the pile. That is why we call this letter,Nothing Nun.Nunmakes a “n” sound like nail.


Samech: The letter Samech makes a “s” sound like snow. It is shaped like an uppercase “U” with a horizontal line across the top. We like to have fun with the way to remember Samech…imagine thatSamechlooks like a salad bowl with saran wrap on it. If you’re putting saran wrap on salad in a salad bowl and eating it the next day, the salad will probably be soggy, so we remember the letter as soggy salad saran-wrapped in a salad bowlSamech.

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Ayin: The letterAyinis shaped like a lowercase “y” and it also has the letter “y” as the second letter in its name. Ayin is the second of the two silent letters in the Hebrew alphabet.


Pay: The letter Pay look like a backwards, upside down, uppercase “G” with a dot – or as we like to call it – a pimple in the middle of the letter. Therefore, we remember Pay as Pimple Pay. Pay makes a “p” sound like parachute.


Fay: The letter Fay also looks like a backwards, upside down, uppercase “G” but without a dot. That’s because Fay went to the spa for a facial and now has super clear skin. So, we remember Fay as Facial Fay. Fay makes a “f” sound like flower.


Tsadi: The letterTsadiis shaped like a backwards “y” but with much sharper lines compared toAyin’s more rounded ones. Tsadimakes a “ts” or “tz” sound like the double z in pizza or the sizzling sound of water being dumped onto a flame.


Koof: The letterKoofmakes a “k” sound like kitten. Kooflooks like a lowercase “p” which is why we remember it as poofKoof.


Resh: The letterReshis rounded at the top, so we remember it by the nameRounded Resh.Reshmakes a “r” sound like rainbow.

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Shin: The letter Shin has 3 arms. The number 3 in Hebrew is Shalosh, so we remember this letter as Shalosh Shin. There is a dot right above the arm furthest to the right.Shinmakes a “sh” sound like shake or what you would say if you were telling someone to be quiet.


Sin: The letter Sin looks exactly like the letter Shin except that its dot is on the far-left arm. We call it sunsetSinbecause after sunset, the sun has left the sky and the dot is on the left.Sinmakes a “s” sound like snake.


Tav: The letter Tav has 3 sides of a square but the bottom of the square is not completed. Instead, the letterTavhas aToe that sticks out on the bottom left of the letter. Tav makes a “t” sounds like toy.

For an in-depth look at the Final Letters in Hebrew, check out B’nai Mitzvah’s Academy’s Lesson 9.

Was this Hebrew alphabet chart helpful? Do you want to continue your Hebrew training? If so, you can do so for free with B’nai Mitzvah Academy’s ten lessons to learn to read Hebrew. You can also purchase helpful training tools like this Hebrew workbook to maximize your progress! Don’t forget to read more content on the BMA blog.

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What is letter b in Hebrew alphabet? ›

Hebrew Bet / Vet

The Hebrew letter represents two different phonemes: a "b" sound (/b/) (bet) and a "v" sound (/v/) (vet). When Hebrew is written Ktiv menuqad (with niqqud diacritics) the two are distinguished by a dot (called a dagesh) in the centre of the letter for /b/ and no dot for /v/.

What is the best way to learn the Hebrew alphabet? ›

But even if you don't know the Hebrew alphabet at all, don't start learning Hebrew by staring at a chart. Start by exposing yourself to real spoken Hebrew. Just listen to the sounds, the patterns, and pick up a word or two here and there for now. Listening to Israeli music might be a good way to do this.

What is the 13 letter of the Hebrew alphabet? ›

← Lamed Mem Nun →
Phonemic representationm
Position in alphabet13
Numerical value40
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician
8 more rows

What are the letters of the Hebrew alphabet in order? ›

Below is the Hebrew alphabet in alphabetical order.
  • א
  • ב
  • בּ
  • ג
  • ד
  • ה
  • ו
  • ז

What Hebrew letter is 9? ›

In gematria, Tet represents the number nine.

What does the letter b mean in the Bible? ›

DESCRIPTION: Typical Alphabet song, with Biblical references: "A is for Adam who was the first man, B is for Bethlehem where Jesus was born," etc.

What is C in Hebrew? ›

Character encodings
UTF-8215 146D8 AC
2 more rows

What is the 14 letter of the Hebrew alphabet? ›

Nun (letter)
← Mem Nun Samekh →
Phonemic representationn
Position in alphabet14
Numerical value50
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician
8 more rows

How long does it take to learn Hebrew fluently? ›

They have ranked Hebrew as a Category III language, meaning it has significant linguistic and/or cultural differences from English. Languages in this category are estimated to require 44 weeks (or 1100 hours) in order to reach “General Professional Proficiency” in speaking and reading.

How hard is it for an American to learn Hebrew? ›

First of all, Hebrew is considered one of the hardest languages to learn. But don't let that discourage you—with some hard work and dedication, you can definitely achieve your goals. Another thing to keep in mind is Hebrew is a very versatile language.

What is the fastest way to learn Hebrew? ›

The best way to learn Hebrew: movies, TV and radio can be great tools for learning new words and practicing your Hebrew. Two of the best ways to learn new languages are also the most fun: listening to Hebrew songs and watching Hebrew-speaking movies and TV shows.

What Hebrew letter is 11? ›

Yodh Kaph Lamedh
Phonemic representationk, (x)
Position in alphabet11
Numerical value20
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician
8 more rows

What is the 15 letter of the Hebrew alphabet? ›

Samekh (Phoenician sāmek 𐤎‎ ; Hebrew samekh סָמֶךְ‎, Syriac semkaṯ) is the fifteenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including the Hebrew alphabet. Samekh represents a voiceless alveolar fricative /s/.

What is the 12 letter in the Hebrew alphabet? ›

The twelfth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is called "Lamed" (pronounced "lah-med") and has the sound of "l" as in "look." Note that the first stroke extends above the line and inclines from left to right. Note that the stroke hooks to the right and ascends the line.

What are the Hebrew letters called? ›

The Hebrew alphabet (Hebrew: אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי, Alefbet ivri), known variously by scholars as the Ktav Ashuri, Jewish script, square script and block script, is an abjad script used in the writing of the Hebrew language and other Jewish languages, most notably Yiddish, Ladino, Judeo-Arabic, and Judeo-Persian.

What do each of the Hebrew letters mean? ›

The origin of the Hebrew alphabet

However, the Hebrew letters themselves do not have meaning. For example, the word aleph did mean “ox” and the word beth did mean “house”. However, the letters Aleph and Beth themselves have no meaning.

What is the 10th Hebrew letter? ›

The tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet is called "Yod" (rhymes with "mode") and has the sound of "y" as in "yes."

What does א mean in Hebrew? ›

In Modern Israeli Hebrew, א‎ (', “alef”) represents either a glottal stop (/ʔ/), or has no pronunciation besides that of the vowel attached to it.

What Hebrew letter means 6? ›

Vav in gematria represents the number six, and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years, it means 6000 (i.e. ותשנד in numbers would be the date 6754.)

What does the letter b represents? ›

B, or b, is the second letter of the Latin-script alphabet, used in the modern English alphabet, the alphabets of other western European languages and others worldwide. Its name in English is bee (pronounced /ˈbiː/), plural bees. It represents the voiced bilabial stop in many languages, including English.

What is a holy word starting with b? ›

  • Baptism – rite of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
  • Bauer lexicon – the standard English lexicon of Biblical Greek.
  • Bible – a collection of writings by early Christians, believed to be mostly Jewish disciples of Christ, written in first-century Koine Greek.

What are the four letters that represent God's name? ›

The Tetragrammaton (/ˌtɛtrəˈɡræmətɒn/; from Ancient Greek τετραγράμματον (tetragrámmaton) '[consisting of] four letters'), or the Tetragram, is the four-letter Hebrew theonym יהוה‎ (transliterated as YHWH), the name of God in the Hebrew Bible.

What does ת mean in Hebrew? ›

The letter ת represents the phoneme /t/. In Modern Israeli Hebrew, this phoneme is pronounced [t] (like the <t> in English tap). In the Masoretic Text, the letter ת takes a dagesh (תּ) not only when geminated, but also at the start of a word or after a consonant.

What language did Adam & Eve speak? ›

Traditional Jewish exegesis such as Midrash says that Adam spoke the Hebrew language because the names he gives Eve – Isha and Chava – only make sense in Hebrew.

What does taf mean in Hebrew? ›

"From aleph to taf" describes something from beginning to end, the Hebrew equivalent of the English "From A to Z."

What does tau mean in Hebrew? ›

For Christians the Tau came to represent the cross of Christ and the fulfillment of the Old Testament promises. The cross, as prefigured in the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, represented the means by which Christ reversed the disobedience of the old Adam and became our Savior as the “New Adam.”

What does Nacha mean in Hebrew? ›

'Nachas' means 'a feeling of unbridled gratification'. It comes from the Hebrew word 'Nachat' and is one of the few words that has successfully crossed over into modern day, secular, Jewish parlance from the rapidly dying Yiddish language.

What does the letter T in Hebrew mean? ›

The tet is the initial letter of the word tov, "good." The form of the tet is "inverted," thus symbolizing hidden, inverted good--as expressed in the Zohar: "its good is hidden within it." The form of the letter chet symbolizes the union of groom and bride consummating with conception.

What does tav mean? ›

tav in American English

1. the 23rd letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. Also: tau, taw.


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